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Eboli

St. Pietro abbey lies at mountain Montedoro's feet, on a a little hill over Eburum. Its beauty reflects centuries' events. You can enjoy a breathtaking view from the abbey, over Piacentini mountains and Salerno's gulf. The abbey was built by Benedettini priests in the middle 1000s, though many findings suggest other parts were later added and reconstructed. The abbey played a very important rule, especially among the clergy, till the late 1200s. During 14th and 15th centuries though, fewer and fewer monks resided here, until it was completely abandoned, as it happened to most churches located in Salerno at that time. In 1577, under Pope Gregory the 8th, the abbey was given by the Governor Antonio Carafa to the Minimi monks, who transformed its eastern part into a big convent. During the reconstruction work between 1930 and 1934, an underground crypt was discovered, which enclosed St Berniero's bones. As a matter of fact, the saint lived in around 1000, and used to live in a cave opposite the abbey, but later on the Benedettinis took his dead body and kept it inside the abbey. We can nowadays enjoy the abbey in its full beauty, thanks to the decorating works in 1930. There are three aisles, supported by 7 rows of columns, each with 6 arches. Three columns are made of limestone, other ones are made of local stone. Every column is crowned by wonderful capitals. In the left apse there's a niche with a lovely portrait: the Lord's resurrection. There's also another affresco portraying St. Andrew and probably St. Peter. In the central apse there are no affrescos, nor in the right one, though there's a niche. You can get to St. Berniero's shrine from the abbey' s right side, through a staircase to the underground. The underground crypt also has three apses, right under the ones standing upstairs. Its roof is held up by two huge columns. There are several altars made of stone, and in one of them  there are still St. Berniero's bones. On the left there's a marble bas-relief portraying St. Berniero holding a stick in his hand as he's defending and setting a woman free from the devil, which leaves through her mouth.


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